Hybrid CultureMasaki Fujihata, Simultaneous Echoes, 2009
Yvonne Spielmann in her monoraph "Hybrid Culture" ("Hybridkultur", Suhrkamp Press 2010) discusses hybrid cultures as phenomena of the present. They emerge from connections between influences and elements of different media, and from various cultural contexts and discursive fields. The plurality of media and cultures under the sign of the digital and the global are prominently discussed as »hybrid« with regard to cyberspace and multipe identities. The detailed study suggests a critical concept of hybridity that in an interdisciplinary view interrelates debates of the fields of media studies with Cultural Studies. The study argues that hybridity constitutes a strategy of our contemporaneity to aesthetically intervene into internationally operating media industries. In the book, this hybridity is amongst others highlighted in the non-western and highly technological media and cultural context of Japan.
The book is forthcoming in English from MIT Press in 2012.
VideoSteina Vasulka, Somersault, 1982
Video is an electronic medium, dependent on the transfer of electronic signals. In the book "Video. The Reflexive Medium" (MIT Press 2008, orignially published in German, "Video. Das reflexive Medium", Suhrkamp 2005), Yvonne Spielmann argues that video is not merely an intermediate step between analog and digital but a medium in its own right. Video has metamorphosed from technology to medium, with a set of aesthetic languages that are specific to it, and current critical debates on new media still need to recognize this. Spielmann considers three strands of video praxis: documentary, experimental art and experimental image-making Finally, the study discusses the potential of interactivity, complexity, and hybridization in the future of video as a medium.
The book "Video. The Reflexive Medium" won the 2009 Lewis Mumford Award for Outstanding Scholarship in the Ecology of Technics.
The book is published in Japanese by Sangen-sha Press, Tokyo, 2011.
The Polish edition is forthcoming.
IntermediaPeter Greenaway, Prospero´s Books, 1991
Intermedia, multimedia, hypertext and related terms such as hybridisation and mixed media prevade contemporary debates on recent developments in new media. Evidently, a variety of terms is needed to identify the array of processes that describe the interrelationships between diverse elements of two or more media. The variety of terms stems from the different theoretical approaches rooted in fields such as literary studies, speech theory/linguistics, cultural studies and cinema studies.
New research further suggests that intermediality has the potential to serve as a model that not only increases our understanding fo the mechanisms of media convergence but also applies to parallel phenomena in cultural contexts.
Yvonne Spielmann´s major publications on intermedia are:
"Intermediality. The Systems of Peter Greenaway" ("Intermedialität. Das System Peter Greenaway"), Fink 1998.
"What is Intermedia" (co-edited with Jürgen Heinrichs), special issue of "Convergence", (2002).